Caracterización familiar en población escolar con déficit de atención e hiperactividad en Bogotá, Colombia. Thesis

short description

  • Postgraduate thesis

Thesis author

  • Guzmán Ramírez, Gina Melissa
  • Rojas Farfán, Marcela Ibeth
  • Rojas Farfán, Marcela Ibeth
  • Zamora Miramón, Irina Paola

external tutor

  • Ibáñez-Pinilla, Milcíades
  • Velez-van-Meerbeke, Alberto

abstract

  • FAMILIY FEATURES IN SCHOOL CHILDREN WITH ATTENTION DEFICIT AND HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER IN BOGOTA,COLOMBIA Introduction:Despite multiple studies about Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), the etiology of this impairment remains unclear. Increased frequency in children with relatives affected suggests family and genetic factors related with this disorder.Primary Objective:To determine the relationship among the presence of ADHD symptoms in school-sample children of five educative institutions in Bogota, Colombia and the presence of ADHD symptoms in their parents using Wender Utah Rating Scale.MethodologyIn this study, cases and controls were chosen from five participating educative institutions according with DSM IV criteria for ADHD and BASC scale. Both scales were applied to parents and teachers. In addition, WISC IV was used to discard cognitive impairment. To evaluate ADHD in the parents was used the Wender-Utah Rating Scale, which allow to identify retrospectively symptoms of ADHD during the childhood in adult population.Results 202 children were included in this study, 117 were cases and 85 controls. In relation with subtype ADHD, the most frequent during this study was combined (52,2%). No relationship were found regarding of the presence of ADHD in children and paternal history for this disorder. Significative association between maternal history and ADHD in study sample was found with OR 2.36 and a CI 95% (1.05 to 5.36) p = 0.02.Discussion: ADHD has been related with family and genetic factors. Although, others factors (social, environmental) could explain the genesis of the disorder.Palabras clave: ADHD, Hyperactivity, Impulsivity, Inattention, WURS, DSM IV, behavior.
  • FAMILIY FEATURES IN SCHOOL CHILDREN WITH ATTENTION DEFICIT AND HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER IN BOGOTA,COLOMBIA Introduction:Despite multiple studies about Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), the etiology of this impairment remains unclear. Increased frequency in children with relatives affected suggests family and genetic factors related with this disorder.Primary Objective:To determine the relationship among the presence of ADHD symptoms in school-sample children of five educative institutions in Bogota, Colombia and the presence of ADHD symptoms in their parents using Wender Utah Rating Scale.MethodologyIn this study, cases and controls were chosen from five participating educative institutions according with DSM IV criteria for ADHD and BASC scale. Both scales were applied to parents and teachers. In addition, WISC IV was used to discard cognitive impairment. To evaluate ADHD in the parents was used the Wender-Utah Rating Scale, which allow to identify retrospectively symptoms of ADHD during the childhood in adult population.Results 202 children were included in this study, 117 were cases and 85 controls. In relation with subtype ADHD, the most frequent during this study was combined (52,2%). No relationship were found regarding of the presence of ADHD in children and paternal history for this disorder. Significative association between maternal history and ADHD in study sample was found with OR 2.36 and a CI 95% (1.05 to 5.36) p = 0.02.Discussion: ADHD has been related with family and genetic factors. Although, others factors (social, environmental) could explain the genesis of the disorder.Palabras clave: ADHD, Hyperactivity, Impulsivity, Inattention, WURS, DSM IV, behavior.
  • Introducción: El trastorno por déficit de atención e hiperactividad (TDAH) ha sido ampliamente estudiado, sin poderse establecer con certeza su etiología, se ha observado una mayor frecuencia del trastorno en niños con familiares afectados, sugiriendo un componente familiar y genético en la enfermedad.Objetivo principal: Determinar la asociación entre la presencia de síntomas de TDAH en niños escolares de cinco instituciones educativas de Bogotá y el antecedente de síntomas de TDAH en sus padres utilizando el Cuestionario Wender Utah.Metodología: Estudio de casos y controles seleccionados de 5 instituciones participantes, de acuerdo con los criterios DSM-IV para TDAH , escala BASC para padres y maestros y escala WISC-IV1 para descartar déficit cognitivo. A los padres se les aplicó un cuestionario de Wender-Utah para identificar de manera retrospectiva síntomas de TDAH en su infancia Resultados: De 202 niños disponibles, 117 fueron casos y 85 controles. El subtipo combinado fue el más en los casos (52,2%). No relación entre el antecedente paterno y el TDAH en niños fueron encontradas, pero si con el antecedentes materno y la presencia de TDAH con un OR de 2.36 y un IC 95% (1.05 a 5.36) p=0,02.Discusión: A pesar de que el TDAH se ha asociado a un componente familiar, otros factores podrían estar involucrados en la génesis del trastorno.Palabras clave: Trastorno por déficit de atención, hiperactividad, Impulsividad, Inatención, DSM IV, Wender Utah, conducta.
  • Introducción: El trastorno por déficit de atención e hiperactividad (TDAH) ha sido ampliamente estudiado, sin poderse establecer con certeza su etiología, se ha observado una mayor frecuencia del trastorno en niños con familiares afectados, sugiriendo un componente familiar y genético en la enfermedad.Objetivo principal: Determinar la asociación entre la presencia de síntomas de TDAH en niños escolares de cinco instituciones educativas de Bogotá y el antecedente de síntomas de TDAH en sus padres utilizando el Cuestionario Wender Utah.Metodología: Estudio de casos y controles seleccionados de 5 instituciones participantes, de acuerdo con los criterios DSM-IV para TDAH , escala BASC para padres y maestros y escala WISC-IV1 para descartar déficit cognitivo. A los padres se les aplicó un cuestionario de Wender-Utah para identificar de manera retrospectiva síntomas de TDAH en su infancia Resultados: De 202 niños disponibles, 117 fueron casos y 85 controles. El subtipo combinado fue el más en los casos (52,2%). No relación entre el antecedente paterno y el TDAH en niños fueron encontradas, pero si con el antecedentes materno y la presencia de TDAH con un OR de 2.36 y un IC 95% (1.05 a 5.36) p=0,02.Discusión: A pesar de que el TDAH se ha asociado a un componente familiar, otros factores podrían estar involucrados en la génesis del trastorno.Palabras clave: Trastorno por déficit de atención, hiperactividad, Impulsividad, Inatención, DSM IV, Wender Utah, conducta.

publication date

  • 2011/02/25

keywords

  • ADHD
  • Behavior
  • DSM IV
  • Hyperactivity
  • Impulsivity
  • Inattention
  • WURS

Document Id

  • 7cb0c224-7851-481e-b851-5e201c7e2878