Phenotypic associations of genetic susceptibility loci in systemic lupus erythematosus Academic Article

abstract

  • Objective: Systemic lupus erythematosus is a clinically heterogeneous autoimmune disease. A number of genetic loci that increase lupus susceptibility have been established. This study examines if these genetic loci also contribute to the clinical heterogeneity in lupus. Materials and methods: 4001 European-derived, 547 Hispanic, 1590 African-American and 1191 Asian lupus patients were genotyped for 16 confirmed lupus susceptibility loci. Ancestry informative markers were genotyped to calculate and adjust for admixture. The association between the risk allele in each locus was determined and compared in patients with and without the various clinical manifestations included in the ACR criteria. Results: Renal disorder was significantly correlated with the lupus risk allele in ITGAM (p=5.0 × 10-6, OR 1.25, 95% CI 1.12 to 1.35) and in TNFSF4 (p=0.0013, OR 1.14, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.25). Other significant findings include the association between risk alleles in FCGR2A and malar rash (p=0.0031, OR 1.11, 95% CI 1.17 to 1.33), ITGAM and discoid rash (p=0.0020, OR 1.20, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.33), STAT4 and protection from oral ulcers (p=0.0027, OR 0.89, 95% CI 0.83 to 0.96) and IL21 and haematological disorder (p=0.0027, OR 1.13, 95% CI 1.04 to 1.22). All these associations are significant with a false discovery rate of

authors

publication date

  • 2011/10/1

keywords

  • African Americans
  • Alleles
  • Autoimmune Diseases
  • Exanthema
  • Genetic Loci
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Kidney
  • Oral Ulcer
  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
  • interleukin-21

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0003-4967

number of pages

  • 6

start page

  • 1752

end page

  • 1757