Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and M13 PCR fingerprinting revealed heterogeneity amongst Cryptococcus species obtained from Italian veterinary isolates Academic Article


  • FEMS Yeast Research


  • Cryptococcosis represents a fungal disease acquired from the environment with animals serving as host sentinels for human exposure. The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic characteristics of Cryptococcus isolates from veterinary sources (cats, dogs and birds) to understand their epidemiology and the genetic variability of the casual isolates. Mating-type PCR in connection with MLST analysis using the ISHAM consensus MLST scheme for the C. neoformans/C. gattii species complex was used to genotype 17 C. neoformans isolates. In the absence of an MLST typing scheme Cryptococcus adeliensis, C. albidus, C. aureus, C. carnescens, C. laurentii, C. magnus and C. uniguttulatus strains were typed using M13 PCR fingerprinting. All C. neoformans isolates were MATα mating type, but hybrids possessed αADa and aADα mating and serotypes. Two C. neoformans molecular types VNI, VNIV and VNIII and VNII/VNIV hybrids were identified. Amongst the 66 non-C. neoformans strains investigated 55 M13 PCR fingerprinting types were identified. The wide variety of MLST types of C. neoformans and the occurrence of αADa and aADα hybrids in our study supports the notion of genetic recombination in the area studied. The heterogeneity of the non-C. neoformans isolates remains open to further investigations and should be taken into consideration when identifying emergent pathogens.

publication date

  • 2014-1-1


  • 14


  • Animals
  • Birds
  • Cats
  • Consensus Sequence
  • Cryptococcosis
  • Cryptococcus
  • Dogs
  • Genetic Recombination
  • Genotype
  • Molecular Epidemiology
  • Multilocus Sequence Typing
  • Mycoses
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Serogroup

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1567-1356

number of pages

  • 13

start page

  • 897

end page

  • 909