Prevalence and factors associated with dysmenorrheal in health science students Academic Article


  • Revista Ciencias de la Salud


  • Introduction: Dysmenorrhea has a prevalence between 60 and 93%. Different factors have been associated such as age at menarche, body mass index, exercise, smoking and maternal history of dysmenorrhea among others. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted, based on an anonymous survey applied to a random sample of 127 women from the school of medicine and psychology at the Universidad Del Rosario. Results: The prevalence of dysmenorrheal was 73%. 67% of participants presenting with menstrual pain, reported they have taken medication for pain relief, (66.7% self medicated). 32.5% of respondents with dysmenorrheal have been absent from their academic or social work, with a percentage of school absenteeism due to pain from 74.5% in at least one day. The risk of dysmenorrhoea was 2.36 times higher in women who had mothers with this history (OR = 2.36, 95% CI 1.03 to 5.40). No associations with other factors were found. Conclusions: Dysmenorrhea is a disease with a high prevalence and significant impact on school absenteeism. Maternal history of dysmenorrhea was the only factor positively associated in this study.

publication date

  • 2010/1/1


  • Absenteeism
  • Body Mass Index
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Disease
  • Dysmenorrhea
  • Exercise
  • Health
  • History
  • Medicine
  • Menarche
  • Mothers
  • Pain
  • Psychology
  • Smoking
  • Social Work
  • Students
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • absenteeism
  • cross-sectional study
  • health science
  • history
  • medication
  • medicine
  • pain
  • psychology
  • random sample
  • school
  • smoking
  • social work
  • student

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1692-7273

number of pages

  • 12

start page

  • 37

end page

  • 48