Aerobic capacity and future cardivascular risk among Colombian children and adolescents. The Fuprecol Study.
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AbstractBackground: Several studies indicates that children’s aerobic capacity levels are predictors of the future risk ofnon-communicable diseases. Therefore, the aim of this study was to establish the proportion of subjects whoseaerobic capacity is indicative of future cardiovascular risk in Indian-Nasa community from a low-income area inCauca, Colombia.Methods: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of morphological component (height, weight, body massindex (BMI), waist circumference, triceps skinfold, subscapular skinfold, and body fat percent [BF%]), and thecardiorespiratory component (course-navette 20 m, shuttle run test and estimation of maximal oxygen consumption byindirect VO2max) from 576 participants (319 boys and 257 girls) aged 10 to 17.9 years, using the standardizedFUPRECOL test battery.Results: We showed that the boys performed better than the girls in cardiorespiratory fitness. The proportionof subjects with an aerobic capacity indicative of future cardiovascular risk was 7.3%. By sex, 3.8% of boys and11.7% of girls (X2 p = 0.001) displayed an unhealthy aerobic capacity in this study.Conclusion: The findings of this study that provide the first data on aerobic capacity health for ColombianNasa Indian children and adolescents aged 10–17.9 years. Although the known loss of aerobic capacity is aserious consequence of the future risk of non-communicable diseases, the deterioration of physical fitnessdeserves increased attention among indigenous population.Keywords: Physical fitness, Aerobic fitness, Cardiorespiratory fitness, Risk factors, Chronic diseases,Cardiometabolic health, Indigenous