Clinical, Immunologic, and Molecular Spectrum of Patients with LPS-Responsive Beige-Like Anchor Protein Deficiency: A Systematic Review Academic Article


  • Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice


  • Background: LPS-responsive beige-like anchor protein (LRBA) deficiency is a primary immunodeficiency and immune dysregulation syndrome caused by biallelic mutations in the LRBA gene. These mutations usually abrogate the protein expression of LRBA, leading to a broad spectrum of clinical phenotypes including autoimmunity, chronic diarrhea, hypogammaglobulinemia, and recurrent infections. Objective: Our aim was to systematically collect all studies reporting on the clinical manifestations, molecular and laboratory findings, and management of patients with LRBA deficiency. Methods: We searched in PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus without any restrictions on study design and publication time. A total of 109 LRBA-deficient cases were identified from 45 eligible articles. For all patients, demographic information, clinical records, and immunologic and molecular data were collected. Results: Of the patients with LRBA deficiency, 93 had homozygous and 16 had compound heterozygous mutations in LRBA. The most common clinical manifestations were autoimmunity (82%), enteropathy (63%), splenomegaly (57%), and pneumonia (49%). Reduction in numbers of CD4+ T cells and regulatory T cells as well as IgG levels was recorded for 21.6%, 65.6%, and 54.2% of evaluated patients, respectively. B-cell subpopulation analysis revealed low numbers of switched-memory and increased numbers of CD21low B cells in 73.5% and 77.8% of patients, respectively. Eighteen (16%) patients underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation due to the severity of complications and the outcomes improved in 13 of them. Conclusions: Autoimmune disorders are the main clinical manifestations of LRBA deficiency. Therefore, LRBA deficiency should be included in the list of monogenic autoimmune diseases, and screening for LRBA mutations should be routinely performed for patients with these conditions.

publication date

  • 2019-9-1


  • 7


  • Agammaglobulinemia
  • Autoimmune Diseases
  • Autoimmunity
  • B-Lymphocytes
  • Demography
  • Diarrhea
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Infection
  • Memory
  • Mutation
  • Phenotype
  • Pneumonia
  • Protein Deficiency
  • Proteins
  • PubMed
  • Publications
  • Regulatory T-Lymphocytes
  • Splenomegaly
  • Systematic Reviews
  • T-Lymphocytes

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2213-2198

start page

  • 2379

end page

  • 2386.e5