Características del desempeño ocupacional de un grupo de adultos que viven con VIH-SIDA Academic Article


  • Brazilian Journal of Occupational Therapy


  • Introduction: The human immunodeficiency virus affects the lives of people especially regarding self-care, work and leisure time, factors that compromise the exercise of social participation. Objective: To describe the occupational performance of 29 patients living with HIV and AIDS assisted by the B24 program in a hospital in Bogotá-Colombia. Method: Descriptive and exploratory study on patterns of performance, occupational roles and independence in instrumental activities of daily living (IADL). An interview was conducted and an occupationalquestionnaire, the Lawton and Brody index, was used. Data were processed in SPSS and frequency analysis was performed. Results: Participants were 53 years old in average, 82.8% were men and 48.3% had higher education. They work an average of 2 hours a day and spend 11 hours a day with daily activities, and almost 5 or 6 hours with leisure and rest. The most significant roles are friend and family member, and the least significant, member of religious groups. Among participants, 65.5% are independent to develop IADL, 31% need help for some activities and 3.4% is dependent. Signs and symptoms of HIV and opportunistic infections make it difficult to assume roles, including work activities. Conclusion: Cobra value demonstrates the meaning of occupational transition for this group and its future perspective to implement programs that may foster the importance of their social and family participation.

publication date

  • 2017-4-19


  • 25


  • AIDS
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Colombia
  • Education
  • Elapidae
  • Exercise
  • Group
  • HIV
  • HIV Infections
  • Interviews
  • Leisure Activities
  • Occupational Groups
  • Opportunistic Infections
  • SPSS
  • Self Care
  • Signs and Symptoms
  • Social Participation
  • Time Factors
  • compromise
  • education
  • family member
  • frequency analysis
  • future perspective
  • interview
  • leisure time
  • need for help
  • occupational role
  • participation
  • performance
  • religious group
  • social participation
  • time factor

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2526-8910

number of pages

  • 9

start page

  • 85

end page

  • 93