Prevalencia de síntomas músculo esqueléticos asociados a factores riesgo ergonómico en instructores y personal administrativo que realiza trabajo en casa, de una entidad de formación técnica y tecnológica, Mosquera 2021 Thesis

short description

  • Master's thesis

Thesis author

  • Méndez Martín, Carlos Audin
  • Sierra Rios, Martha Elena
  • Vanegas García, Lucila

external tutor

  • Hernández Herrera, Gilma Norela


  • Introduction: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are the cause of enormous personal suffering and great economic losses in the world of work, in 2019 the pandemic caused by the SARS COV 2 virus began, generating mandatory isolation and in a large number of labor sectors, work from home was implemented, exposing workers to different risk factors associated with MSD. Objective: To determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms associated with ergonomic risk factors in operational and administrative personnel who work from home, of a technical and technological training entity, in Mosquera 2021 during the Covid 19 pandemic period. Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study with an analytical component, in a sample of 207 workers, in which musculoskeletal symptoms and the working conditions at home that can generate them were evaluated. The prevalence of symptoms was estimated and the association between symptoms and ergonomic factors was evaluated using the Chi square test. Results: The 207 workers were divided into instructors (78.3%) and administrative staff (21.7%), with a mean age of 44.3 years (SD 10.4 years). In the last 12 months, 41.9% presented discomfort in the neck, 32% in the shoulder, 45% in the dorsal or lumbar area, 23.9% in the elbow or forearm, and 33.5% in the wrist or hand. The factors associated with the workplace with symptoms were mainly the characteristics of the chair, desk, screen and their location (p value <0.05). Conclusions: The work carried out from home in this population did not have the appropriate ergonomic conditions for the execution of the activities of their positions, generating a significant prevalence of symptoms in regions such as the neck and dorsal or lumbar area.

publication date

  • April 21, 2022 9:02 PM


  • Biomechanical Risk
  • Covid-19
  • Ergonomics
  • Musculoskeletal Symptoms
  • Teachers
  • Work from home

Document Id

  • 463ee7a5-9aef-47d5-b074-771f08927356