Factores asociados al conocimiento y adherencia a las precauciones estándar para el manejo del riesgo biológico en estudiantes de pregrado del área de la salud Thesis

short description

  • Master's thesis

Thesis author

  • Amortegui Cendales, Silvia Natalia
  • Moreno Ramírez, Alejandro

external tutor

  • Hernández Herrera, Gilma Norela


  • Introduction: knowledge and adherence to standard precautions play a fundamental role in the prevention of occupational accidents due to biological risk in health workers and in the prevention of infections associated with health care. Methodology: a cross-sectional study of a sample of 197 university students in the area of health was carried out during the second half of 2015. The variables that were considered in this study were gender, age, academic program, semester they are attending, training history, and knowledge about standard precautions and adherence to biological risk prevention practices. A statistically significant difference (p <0.05) was found between knowledge about: the use of gloves for all health care occasions, the type of virus that is most easily transmitted by puncture, the practice of hand washing after remove gloves, and the academic program, semester and training history. Results: the average age of the respondents was 22.2 years (SD 1.37 years), 80.7% were women and the predominant program was medicine with 53.8% including students who were in hospital practices. 71.1% of respondents said they had received training on biological risk previously. Using a logistic regression model, it was found that the training history was significant to explain the probability that a student will practice handwashing after removing gloves (p = 0.015). Conclusion: the previous training in biological risk at the beginning of clinical practices must be considered for the implementation of an accident prevention program due to biological risk factors.

publication date

  • February 3, 2020 3:29 AM


  • Health students
  • Needlestick injury
  • Occupational health
  • Preventive training
  • Standard precautions
  • health students, needlestick injury; standard precautions, preventive training, occupational health.
  • needlestick injury
  • occupational health.
  • preventive training
  • standard precautions

Document Id

  • 6c8abdfd-f2eb-4f1e-8f34-6f263bfec80b