Prevalencia de neumoconiosis y su relación con medidas de higiene y seguridad industrial y niveles ambientales de carbón en minería subterránea en el departamento de Cundinamarca - Colombia, 2015 Thesis

short description

  • Master's thesis

Thesis author

  • Palma, Ruth Marien
  • Peña Corrales, Luis Eduardo
  • Varona-Uribe, Marcela

abstract

  • Introduction: Exposure in underground mines to high levels of coal dust is related to pulmonary diseases. Objetive: To determine the prevalence of pneumoconiosis, hygiene and safety and environmental standards related to coal miners tunneled in Cundinamarca. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study, 215 workers selected by stratified probability sampling with proportional allocation. Environmental monitoring, chest X-rays and surveys with personal and occupational variables are performed. Measures of central tendency and dispersion and the independence test Pearson chi-square test or exact, in order to establish the associations were used. Results: 99. 5% of the population belongs to the male, 36. 7% were between 41-50 years, with an average age of 21. 70 ± 9. 99 work. The prevalence of pneumoconiosis was 42. 3% and the median concentration of bituminous coal dust was 2. 329670 mg/m3. The risk index of coal dust significant differences in the categories of low (p=0. 0001) and medium (p=0. 0186) with the prevalence of pneumoconiosis. 84. 2% reported not wear a mask. No differences between carbon levels (p=0. 194) with the prevalence of pneumoconiosis are presented. Conclusions: Pneumoconiosis prevalence of 42. 3% was found in Cundinamarca. It is required to have effective hygiene and industrial safety to control the risk to which they are exposed coal miners by inhaling coal dust.

publication date

  • March 7, 2016 4:11 PM

keywords

  • Exhibition
  • coal dust
  • hygiene
  • pneumoconiosis
  • safety
  • underground mining

Document Id

  • 98e2cc50-d161-4e6d-872a-77188e0970da