Muscle Strength Is Significantly Associated With Calcaneal Bone Mineral Density Among Children And Adolescents From Colombia: A Cross-sectional Study Academic Article


  • PURPOSE: Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) is currently the gold standard for the assessment of bone mineral density (BMD). Quantitative ultrasound (QUS), on the other hand, is a radiation-free alternative for the assessment of bone strength in the paediatric population. Relationship between BMD and muscular fitness outcomes in children and adolescents have not been published in a Latin-American population. In this cross-sectional study we aimed to investigate the association of muscular fitness with BMD at the calcaneal in Colombia children and adolescent aged 9 to 17.9 years. METHODS: Cross sectional study. A sample of 1,001 healthy Colombian youth (boys n=445 and girls n=556), participated in the study. BUA (in decibels per megahertz) was measured using Achilles device (Lunar, Madison, WI). Three components of field-based muscular fitness were measured: handgrip, vertical jump and standing long jump test. RESULTS: After adjusting for sex and age, we found a significant association of handgrip with BMD at calcaneal (r = 0.651). Furthermore, we observed significant associations of vertical jump (r = 0.341) and standing long jump (r = 0.415), p < .001 with BMD. CONCLUSIONS: We found that muscular fitness was associated with BMD in children and adolescents. Further prospective studies are needed to further investigate the association between muscular fitness and BMD in youth population.

publication date

  • 2016/5/1


  • 48


  • Bone Density
  • Bone and Bones
  • Colombia
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Equipment and Supplies
  • Muscle Strength
  • Pediatrics
  • Photon Absorptiometry
  • Population
  • Prospective Studies
  • Radiation

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1530-0315

number of pages

  • 1

start page

  • 182

end page

  • 182