Overlapping inequalities, layers of inequality and intersectionality: Analytical considerations and application to the Colombian case
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This article discusses the concepts of overlapping inequalities, layers of inequalities and intersectionality. Based on the literature review, an analytical scheme is proposed, based on three approaches: a geological / historicaltemporal approach to inequalities, a cumulative approach to inequalities, and a complex cumulative approach to inequalities. Based on this scheme, the article analyzes the inequalities in the regions of lower Atrato and Urabá in Colombia. The main finding is that several layers of inequality overlap in that region, related to historical processes (colonialism that laid the foundations of racism and discrimination) and their interplay with recent processes such as the expansion of global capitalism and agribusiness. The work concludes that labor conflicts overlap with land conflicts, which mingle with historical inequalities based on racism and discrimination. These inequalities complexly interplay with territorial rights expanded through Law 70 of 1993 in Colombia. Inequalities as well as social mobilization are structured based on the intersection of social categories such as class, race, gender and ethnicity.