Indicadores del desempeño clínico fisioterapéutico en el manejo hospitalario temprano del accidente cerebrovascular (ACV)
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The known early intervention opportunities in cerebrovascular events (CVE), not only from the medical point of view but from rehabilitation, create the necessity of moving forward in the formulation of clinical performance indicators in the hospitalary physiotherapeutic management of a person with a CVE. Objective: to identify the physiotherapeutic clinical performance indicators in the early hospitalary management of people surviving CVE. Materials and methods:this is about a descriptive exploratory study investigating about the existing physiotherapeutic tests and practices, the scientific evidence about clinical indicators in CVE, the standard indicators and the possible clinical indicators in this setting. We conducted systematic review of descriptive studies, clinical practice guidelines, systematic reviews, clinical case study in evidence-based databases such as Pubmed, Proquest, Peter and electronic journals, plus analysis of data epidemiological prevalence of stroke in Colombia and Chile, on websites of the World Health Organization, Ministry of Health and National Bureau of each country respectively. Results: the evidence points out that early rehabilitation of CVE should be initiated during hospitalization, as soon as the diagnosis is made and the life threatening issues are controlled. Priorities in the CVE therapeutic interventions are to prevent: complications (venous thrombosis, infections and pain) and to facilitate the early mobilization. The latest updates to these directives include early rehabilitation, particularly mobilization within 24 hours after the CVE occurrence. Proves supporting performance indicators in rehabilitation for the assistance in the sub-acute stage of CVE are limited. Conclusions: it is evident the importance of early intervention physical therapy in the acute process of patients with stroke as the evidence stands a better prognosis for patients who are operated on by the area within the first 24 hours after the event and the importance of patient care indicators such as quality of care, attention span, timing and use of intervention within the time window acute recovery.