Efectos de una intervención educativa en los conocimientos y prácticas sobre consumo de tabaco y actividad física para la prevención del cáncer de pulmón en jóvenes del Colegio La Merced en Bogotá, D.C., Colombia Conference Paper

abstract

  • Lung cancer is the most common cancer in the world. About 60% of the burden placed on it can be prevented through the adoption of healthy lifestyles, among which avoidance of tobacco use and physical activity are essential. Objective. To determine the effects of an educational intervention on the knowledge and practices of tobacco consumption and physical activity for the prevention of lung cancer in young people at La Merced School in Ciudad Bolivar in Bogotá. Materials and methods. A prospective observational study was conducted in 250 students (age 15±1 years); the Cancer Awareness Measure (CAM) questionnaire and the Prochaska and DiClemente trans-theoretical behavioural change model were used. The intervention took place in the classrooms for three weeks with 90-minute sessions with audiovisual and pedagogical material designed according to the guide for educational communication in the framework of cancer control. We followed up with evaluations in months 1, 3 and 6 after the intervention. Results. 75.3% of adolescents had not received information about lung cancer prevention. Only 62.1% identified tobacco use as a risk factor and 15% said they used tobacco daily. Although 86% saw physical activity as a protective factor, only 36% saw it as a regular practice. Low levels of preventive awareness were associated with regular smoking and low parental education (p<0.05). At the time of writing, no monitoring data were available. Conclusion. High tobacco use was reported among the adolescents assessed, as well as a clear lack of knowledge about prevention of the disease. Strategies such as the one proposed here respond to the national public policy for the comprehensive control of the disease. Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator

publication date

  • 2015/10/1

edition

  • 35

keywords

  • Colombia
  • Communication
  • Education
  • Exercise
  • Healthy Lifestyle
  • Lung Neoplasms
  • Neoplasms
  • Observational Studies
  • Prospective Studies
  • Protective Factors
  • Public Policy
  • Smoking
  • Students
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Tobacco
  • Tobacco Use

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0120-4157

number of pages

  • 2

start page

  • 92

end page

  • 94