Land-cover change dynamics and insights into ecosystem services in European stream riparian zones Academic Article

journal

  • Ecohydrology and Hydrobiology

abstract

  • © 2014 European Regional Centre for Ecohydrology of Polish Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier Urban & Partner Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.Riparian zones, transitional environments between terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems, have been historically threatened in Europe by land reclamation and exploitation of their natural resources. These fragile environments deliver a large number of ecological and societal services, while simultaneously playing a key role in the maintenance of biodiversity in fragmented landscapes. At large scales, one of the clearest and most informative indicators of alteration of state and characteristics of ecological systems is land-cover change. A newly available European riparian zone distribution dataset and continental land-cover change information allowed us to obtain an unprecedented continental overview of riparian land conversion and associated drivers, as well as a broad indication of their loss of capacity to provide ecosystem services. The analysis shows that only 1.8% of riparian zones experienced land-cover changes in the period 2000-2006. The majority of riparian changes involved forest loss and forest regrowth due to forestry activities and, to a lesser extent, to fires. Approximately 9% of land-cover changes involved conversion to artificial and agricultural surface, with trajectories largely affecting their ecological integrity. Using land-cover proxy-based indicators we show that the loss of riparian zones' capacity to support ecological integrity and ecosystem services was overall significantly higher than the proportion of converted surface. The methodological approach can be used to support the assessment of environmental policy targets, and for regional planning and management of riparian zones.

publication date

  • 2014/1/1

keywords

  • Europe
  • analysis
  • biodiversity
  • distribution
  • ecohydrology
  • ecosystem service
  • ecosystem services
  • environmental policy
  • forestry
  • freshwater ecosystem
  • freshwater ecosystems
  • indicator
  • land
  • land cover
  • land reclamation
  • land restoration
  • land use change
  • loss
  • natural resource
  • natural resources
  • planning
  • regional planning
  • regrowth
  • riparian areas
  • riparian zone
  • science
  • services
  • terrestrial ecosystem
  • terrestrial ecosystems
  • trajectories
  • trajectory

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1642-3593

number of pages

  • 14

start page

  • 107

end page

  • 120