This article critically investigates the central aspects of Panikkar’stheory of intercultural understanding. In the first part, it shows thedifference of this theory with respect to philosophical hermeneuticsin the heideggerian tradition. Special attention is given to Panikkar´sthesis of radical pluralism. The second part explores the basic notionsof diatopical hermeneutics: homeomorphic equivalence andunderstanding as conversion. Finally, a criticism is offered aboutthe notion of dialogical dialogue, which is unsuitable for groundingan intercultural hermeneutics in contexts of intercultural conflict.