Some of the most vulnerable population groups that exist in Colombia are orphaned children and adolescents victims of the Colombian armed conflict. The different international instruments on Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law, via the convention block or ius cogens, and the sentences of the Constitutional Court of Colombia, require that they be repaired integrally and differently. As a development of this trend of specifying rights, the State designed measures with a differential focus on attention, assistance and reparation for victims of the armed conflict, in Law 1448 of 2011. Article 188 of the aforementioned Law made visible the children and adolescents who are in an orphanage situation, as a differentiated population category. In order to establish whether those reparation measures that were being designed and implemented in the 2011-2016 period were integral and differential, and, therefore, achieved the transforming purpose of them, it was determined that the State must: reformulate the concept of orphanage; the approach of responsibility over that of solidarity predominates; make orphanhood visible in the records of administrative authorities; comply with the guarantee of non-repetition; and I agreed with all the institutions to apply, in a comprehensive manner, all the measures. In addition, the impact of the aforementioned measures on children, orphans of the armed conflict that was related to the Association of Mothers of Candlemas, Caminos de la Esperanza, 2006 National Peace Prize, located in the Municipality of Medellín, was analyzed.