Factores de riesgo ergonómico y condiciones de trabajo asociados a sintomatología osteomuscular, en conductores de una cooperativa del sector de transporte público en tres municipios de Cundinamarca, Colombia 2015
Introduction: public transport drivers are exposed to ergonomic risk factors and working conditions that may be associated with the occurrence of musculoskeletal symptoms, affecting their health. Objective: To assess risk factors and ergonomic working conditions associated with musculoskeletal symptoms in a cooperative drivers of the public transport sector. Methodology: cross-sectional study conducted to 158 drivers. The assessment of working conditions was made by the National Survey on Working Conditions and the identification of symptoms and ergonomic risk factors, the Ergopar Questionnaire was used. Results: The prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms was higher in lower back (41.1%), followed by symptoms at neck, shoulders and / or upper back (36.7%). factors significantly associated with the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms in neck / shoulders and / or upper back were age (p = 0.04) and the movement made by the head and neck (p = 0.039); in lower back: intensity of physical effort (p = 0.011) and the frequency with which the lighting allowed them to work in proper posture (p = 0.025); hand and wrist: job (p = 0.019), action carried out with the hands (p = 0.019), weight handling (p = 0.028), frequency of gaps, openings, stairs, platforms and slopes (p = 0.021). Conclusions: musculoskeletal morbidity showed a greater association with non-ergonomic conditions (posture, cargo handling, repetitive movements) and working conditions (road infrastructure, speed work, deadlines and goals for the job).