Programa de educación al paciente con enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC) en el Hospital Universitario de San José, en función del automanejo de síntomas, optimización de la mecánica ventilatoria y mejoramiento de la calidad de vida
The program is aimed at the health care of patients with a diagnosis of COPD, who are hospitalized at the University Hospital of San José, due to exacerbation, but outside the critical period. Its importance lies not only in the need for patient education as a fundamental tool in addressing chronic noncommunicable diseases, but also in the implementation of these in highly complex clinical-care settings. The empowerment of the patient in terms of their health condition is the basis of the program, highlighting the great contribution of the proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation physiotherapeutic strategies, for the improvement of ventilatory mechanics, therefore implementing a health education strategy for patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease COPD hospitalized at the University Hospital of San José HUSJ seeks to impact on the improvement of their quality of life from the pulmonary cardiovascular physiotherapeutic intervention. It is evident that the implementation of educational strategies for health promotion in spaces of high complexity are a necessity that can favor the empowerment of patients in the face of their condition and are an adjunctive tool for the improvement of symptoms and their impact on quality of life. After the intervention of the strategies proposed in the program, there is a decrease in the impact that both cough and dyspnea and the other symptoms related to COPD generate in the execution of daily life activities.