Objective. Establish if there is an association between reporting intimate partner violence and contraception in Colombian women. Material and Methods. Transversal study, based on the Demographic and Health Survey of 2015. Three models of binary logistic regression were adjusted. Results Women that have not been intimate partner violence victims (OR 0.749, IC95% 0.687-0.816), Physical aggression (OR 0.870, IC95% 0.803-0.943) and psychological violence (OR 0.752, IC95% 0.691-0.819) have more probability of using a contraceptive method than women that were victims of one of these kind of maltreatments. There were no differences regarding the use of contraceptive methods in women that are victims of sexual abuse. Conclusions Suggestions to the wording of interventions with multidisciplinary approaches are purposed to guarantee the exercise of sexual and reproductive rights.